General Maintenance

Cargo Trailer Only


Wheels should be washed and waxed periodically. Aluminum rims have a clear coat on them so they will last longer through harsh conditions. Make sure you use a very gentle cleaning compound so it will not hurt your rims. Never use any cleaner that contains lye or is acid-based. If you use a lye- or acid-based cleaner, it will ruin the finish of your rims.


Check your door hinges every 3,000 miles or 3 months. If your trailer has a ramp door, please do not attempt to adjust the ramp cable or spring. All repairs or adjustments must be performed by experienced door service personnel only. WARNING: The spring-assist on ramp doors can cause serious injury or death.

Exterior Aluminum Skin

Please treat the outside of the trailer as you would your car. Use mild soap when washing, and if you desire to wax, use an automotive-type wax. Proper care and maintenance will ensure your trailer’s color and the durability of its finish.


To keep your floor in tip-top shape, avoid prolonged exposure to water. For example, the snow and ice melting off your snowmobile, ATV, or automobile could cause floor damage. To make your floor last longer, you could paint it with an oil-based enamel. This would not only add protection, but would also help aid in cleaning up spills.


Inspect your roof at least once a year. If you live where heavy snow conditions exist, do not let ice and snow build up on your roof. Do not haul items on your roof if you do not have roof racks.

Routine Maintenance


Here is a list of some checks you will want to do every trip and every 3 months or 3,000 miles.

Note:If you need to remove or replace any of the 8-point headed screw

Tire pressure Inflate all tires to the proper pressure.
Wheel lugs, nuts, & bolts Tighten to proper torque specifications.
Coupler ball or 5th wheel pin Check for unusual wear, sufficient lube and lock mechanism.
Safety chains and hitch ball Check for unusual wear on chain links and hitch ball.
Coupler Check the safety pin to make sure it is fastening properly.
Brakes Check operation and proper adjustment.
Breakaway battery and switch Check the battery in the breakaway system regularly.
Doors, windows, and vents You must close all doors, windows, and vents before travel.
Lights Replace spent bulbs and fix any broken lights.
Load distribution Make sure cargo weight is properly distributed.
Table 2. Every 3 months or 3,000 miles
Items Procedure
Welds Check welds for cracking and separations.
Hinges Lubricate w/ light oil.
Tie downs, E-track, and D-rings Check to make sure the hardware has no cracks and is fastened tight.

s, use a #2 square head bit on any fastener that looks like a star head.

All Models


Your trailer brakes must be inspected and serviced every 3,000 miles or once a year. Remember the more you use it the more you will want to have your brakes checked. If you are not sure about anything, remember to look at your Axle Manufacturer’s Service Manual.


Check your coupler before every trip. Look to see if there are any cracks and that the locking mechanism is in proper working order.

Frame Maintenance

Over time, road use will begin to chip away at the factory-protected underside of your trailer. This is where trailers receive the most punishment. Gravel, rocks, and any loose road debris are thrown up and hit the bottom of your trailer. You need to check the underside of your trailer at least once a year or every 3,000 miles. If you notice any bare spots, please touch-up with an automotive undercoating or matching frame paint.

Lug Nuts

Check lug nut tightness before your first trip and after 50 miles, 75 miles, and 150 miles. You will want to recheck at least every 3 months or 3,000 miles.


Please check your welds every 3 months or 3,000 miles for any cracks or fractures. If you notice any cracks or fractures, please contact your Forest River dealer immediately.

Maintenance Record

There is a maintenance record at the back of this manual. Please use this record book to keep track of all the work you do on your trailer. It will help keep your trailer in the best shape possible.

Tires and Wheels

Always check your tire pressure before using your trailer. When checking tire pressure, always check when tires are cold. If you are not sure of proper pressure, you can find it on the sidewall of your tires. DO NOT change your tire pressure for the load of the trailer. If you do, it can cause excessive tire wear and even a blowout.

ct your Forest River dealer immediately.



Electrical Wiring plug.


Warning:Safety chains, hitches, and couplers do not provide adequate grounding by themselves and can cause electrical failures.

You must have the correct vehicle wiring when using your trailer. Trailers not equipped with brakes will have a 4-way flat plug and all other trailers will have a larger 7-way plug. Don’t forget that a ground wire running from the plug back to the frame of the tow vehicle must be incorporated into proper tow vehicle wiring. Below are diagrams of the 4-way and the 7-way plugs.

White = Common Ground

Blue = Electric Brakes

Green = Tail License & Running Lights

Black = Battery charger , Hot, & Dome light

Red = Stop & left turn signal

Brown = Stop & Right turn signal

Yellow + Extra Auxiliary


You can’t rush quality.

We strive very hard to keep up our high quality of standards here at Rance Aluminum. In doing so, most of our workers are family members who have worked here for a time of 20 years or more. The employees are paid very well which contributes to happy families and a secured work force. We do very little advertising if any at all. Our trailer customers are mainly word of mouth for the past 26 years. We do not run a high volume production line. In most cases you trailer order will only be touched by 5 to 6 people from start to finish. We build beautiful trailers with a lot of pride and satisfaction. So please be patient with you order. When you receive the new trailer you will smile with joy! Happy you waited for a work of art.

Trailer Tire Preasure

It is very important that your tire pressure on the trailer is at recommended  levels. The recommended pressure is imprinted on the side of the tire. If your trailer has a payload of a certain amount based on the axle rating. That payload decreases if your tire pressure is not maintained. The tires are matched to the axle rating so you are not getting the largest axle rating if the tire pressure is not maintained.

Studies of tire safety show that maintaining proper tire pressure, observing tire and vehicle load limits (not carrying more weight in your vehicle than your tires or vehicle can safely handle), avoiding road hazards, and inspecting tires for cuts, slashes, and other irregularities are the most important things that you can do to avoid tire failure, such as tread separation or blowout or flat tires. These actions, along with other care and maintenance activities, can also:

Improve vehicle handling
Help protect you and others from avoidable breakdowns and accidents
Improve fuel economy
Increase the life of your tires
Use this information to make tire safety a regular part of your vehicle maintenance routine. Recognize that the time you spend is minimal compared with the inconvenience and safety consequences of a flat tire or other tire failure.

Safety First-Basic Tire Maintenance

Properly maintained tires improve steering, stopping, traction, and load-carrying capability of your vehicle. Under-inflated tires and overloaded vehicles are major causes of tire failure. Therefore, to avoid flat tires and other types of tire failures, you should maintain proper tire pressure, observe tire and vehicle load limits, avoid road hazards and regularly inspect your tires.

Tire Pressure and Load Limits
Finding Your Vehicle’s Recommended Tire Pressure and Load Limits

The tire information and vehicle certification labels contain information on tires and load limits. These labels indicate the vehicle manufacturer’s information including:

Recommended tire size
Recommended tire inflation pressure
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR – the maximum occupant and cargo weight a vehicle is designed to carry.)
Front and rear gross axle weight ratings (GAWR – the maximum weight the axle systems are designed to carry.)
Understanding Tire Pressure and Load Limits

Tire inflation pressure is the level of the air in the tire that provides it with load-carrying capacity and affects the overall performance of the vehicle. The tire inflation pressure is a number that indicates the amount of air pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (psi), a tire requires to be properly inflated. (This number is also expressed in kilopascals (kPa) which is a metric measuring system used internationally.)

Vehicle manufacturers determine this number based on the vehicle’s design load limit, which is the greatest amount of weight a vehicle can safely carry and the vehicle’s tire size. The proper tire pressure for your vehicle is referred to as the ‘recommended cold inflation pressure’. Tire pressure should always be measured when the tire is cold to get an accurate measurement. A cold tire is one that hasn’t been driven on for at least three (3) hours. As you drive, your tires get warmer, causing the air pressure within the tire to increase. Therefore, you cannot get an accurate measurement of tire pressure unless the tire is cold.

Because tires are designed to be used on more than one type of vehicle, tire manufacturers list the ‘maximum permissible inflation pressure’ on the sidewall. This number is the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire

Tire Fundamentals
Federal law requires tire manufacturers to place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires. This information identifies and describes the fundamental characteristics of the tire and also provides a tire identification number for safety standard certification and in case of a recall.

Information on Passenger Vehicle Tires

Please refer to the diagram below.
P – The “P” indicates the tire is for passenger vehicles.

Note:Passenger car tires are not recommended for use on trailers, because the capacity ratings are not marked on the sidewalls of these tires. In the event a passenger car tire is used, the capacity must be de-rated by 10%.

Next Number – This three-digit number gives the width in millimeters of the tire from the sidewall edge to sidewall edge. In general, the larger the number, the wider the tire.

Next Number – This two-digit number, known as the aspect ratio, gives the tire’s ratio of height to width. Numbers of 70 or lower indicate a short sidewall for improved steering response and better overall handling on dry pavement.

R – The “R” stands for radial. Radial ply construction of tires has been the industry standard for the past 20 years.

Next Number – This two-digit number is the wheel or rim diameter in inches. If you change your wheel size, you will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheel diameter.

Next Number – This two- or three-digit number is the tire’s load index. It is a measurement of how much weight each tire can support. You may find this information in your Owner’s Manual. If not, contact a local tire dealer.

Note:You may not find this information on all tires because it is not required by law.
M+S – The “M+S” or “M/S” indicates that the tire has some mud and snow capability. Most radial tires have these markings.

Speed Rating – The speed rating denotes the speed at which a tire is designed to be driven for extended periods of time. The ratings range from 65 miles per hour (mph) to 186 mph. These ratings are listed below.

Note:You may not find this information on all tires because it is not required by law.

Letter Rating
Speed Rating
65 mph
99 mph
106 mph
112 mph
118 mph
124 mph
130 mph
149 mph
168* mph
186* mph
* For tires with a maximum speed capability over 149 mph, tire manufacturers sometimes use the letters ZR. For those with a maximum speed capability over 186 mph, tire manufacturers always use the letters ZR.

U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number – This begins with the letters “DOT” and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant code where it was manufactured, and the last four numbers

represent the week and year the tire was built. For example, the numbers 3197 means the 31st week of 1997. The other numbers are marketing codes used at the manufacturer’s discretion. The information is used to contact consumers if a tire defect requires a recall.Tire Ply Composition on Materials Used-The number of plies indicates the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire. In general, the greater the number of plies, the more weight a tire can support. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the materials in the tire, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

Maximum Load Rating – This number indicates the maximum load in kilograms and pounds that can be carried by the tire.

Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure – This number is the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire under normal driving conditions.

Additional Information on Light Truck Tires

Please refer to the following diagram.
Tires for light trucks have other markings besides those found on the sidewalls of passenger tires.

LT – The “LT” indicates the tire is for light trucks or trailers.

ST – An “ST” is an indication the tire is for trailer use only.

Max. Load Dual kg (lbs.) at kPa (psi) Cold – This information indicates the maximum load and tire pressure when the

tire is used as a dual, that is, when four tires are put on each rear axle (a total of six or more tires on the vehicle).Max. Load Single kg (lbs.) at kPa (psi) Cold – This information indicates the maximum load and tire pressure when the tire is used as a single.

Load Range – This information identifies the tire’s load-carrying capabilities and its inflation limits.

Vehicle Load Limits

Determining the load limits of a vehicle includes more than understanding the load limits of the tires alone.

On a trailer, there is a federal certification label that is located on the forward half of the left (road) side of the unit.

The certification label will indicate the vehicle’s gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). This is the most weight the fully loaded vehicle can weigh. It will also provide the gross axle weight (GAWR). This is the most a particular axle can weigh. If there are multiple axles, the GAWR of each axle will be provided.

In the same location as the certification label described above, there is a vehicle placard. This placard provides tire and loading information. In addition, this placard will show a statement regarding maximum cargo capacity.

Cargo Capacities

Cargo can be added to the vehicle up to the maximum weight specified on the placard. The combined weight of the cargo is provided as a single number. In any case, remember the total weight of a fully loaded vehicle cannot exceed the stated GVWR.

Water and propane also need to be considered. The weight of fully filled propane containers is considered part of the weight of the trailer before it is loaded with cargo and is not considered part of the disposable cargo load. Water, however, is a cargo weight and is treated as such. If there is a fresh water storage tank of 100 gallons, this tank when filled would weigh about 800 pounds. If more cargo is being transported, water can be off-loaded to keep the total amount of cargo added to the vehicle within the limits of the GVWR so as not to overload the vehicle. Understanding this flexibility will allow you, the owner, to make choices that fit your travel and camping needs.

When loading your cargo, be sure it is distributed evenly to prevent overloading front to back and side to side. Heavy items should be place low and as close to the axle positions as reasonable. Too many items on one side may overload a tire. The best way to know the actual weight of the vehicle is to weigh it at a public scale. Talk to your trailer dealer to discuss the weighing methods needed to capture the various weights related to the trailer. This would include weights for the following: axles, wheels, hitch or pin and total weight.

How Overloading Affects Your Trailer and Tires

The results of overloading can have serious consequences for passengers’ safety. Too much weight on your vehicle’s suspension system can cause spring, shock absorber, or brake failure, handling or steering problems, irregular tire wear, tire failure or other damage.

An overloaded vehicle is hard to drive and hard to stop. In cases of serious overloading, brakes can fail completely, particularly on steep hills. The load a tire will carry safely is a combination of the size of the tire, its load range, and corresponding inflation pressure.

Excessive loads and/or under inflation cause tire overloading, and as a result, abnormal tire flexing occurs. This situation can generate an excessive amount of heat within the tire. Excessive heat may lead to tire failure.

It is the air pressure that enables a tire to support the load, so proper inflation is critical. Since trailer’s can be configured and loaded in many ways, air pressure must be determined from actual loads (determined by weighing) and taken from the load and inflation tables provided by the tire manufacturer. These air pressures may differ from those found on the certification label. However, they should never exceed the tire limitation for load or air pressure. If you discover that your tires cannot support the actual weights, the load will need to be lightened.

Tire Safety Tips

Preventing Tire Damage

Slow down if you have to go over a pothole or other object in the road.
Do not run over curbs or other foreign objects in the roadway, and try not to strike the curb when parking.
Tire Safety Checklist

Check tire pressure regularly (at least once a month), including the spare.
Inspect tires for uneven wear patterns on the tread, cracks, foreign objects, or other signs of wear or trauma.
Remove bits of glass and foreign objects wedged in the tread.
Make sure all of your tire valves have valve caps
Check tire pressure before going on a long trip.
Do not overload your vehicle. Check the Tire Information and Loading Placard or Owner’s Manual for the maximum recommended load for the vehicle.
Steps For Determining Correct Load Limit

Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX lbs.” on your vehicle placard.
Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage capacity.

For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage capacity is 650 lbs. (1400-750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.)
Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed

the available cargo and luggage capacity calculated in Step 4.
If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this Manual to decide how this reduces the available cargo and luggage capacity of your vehicle.
Figure 1. Loss Of Carrying Capacity Due To Under Inflation
Load Capacity ST205/75*15 “C”
PSI                                     Capacity
50                                          1820
45                                          1720
40                                          1610
35                                          1480
30                                          1360
25                                          1220

Information label and on the Certification/VIN tag.

Reinforced tire – A tire designed to operate at higher loads and at higher inflation pressures than the corresponding standard tire.

Rim – A metal support for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated.

Rim diameter – This means the normal diameter of the bead seat.

Rim size designation – This means the rim diameter and width.

Rim type designation – This means the industry’s or manufacturer’s designation for a rim by style or code.

Rim width – This means the nominal distance between rim flanges.

Section width – The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, excluding elevations due to labeling, decoration, or protective bands.

Sidewall – That portion of a tire between the tread and bead.

Sidewall separation – The parting of the rubber compound from the cord material in the sidewall.

Test rim – The rim on which a tire is fitted for testing, and may be any rim listed as appropriate for use with the tire.

Tread – That portion of a tire that comes into contact with the road.

Tread rib – A tread section running circumferentially around a tire.

Tread separation – Pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass.

Tread wear indicators (TWI) – The projections within the principal grooves designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread.

Vehicle capacity weight – The rated cargo and luggage load plus 68 kilograms (150 lbs.) times the vehicle’s designated seating capacity.

Vehicle maximum load on the tire – The load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and dividing by two.

Vehicle normal load on the tire – The load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the curb weight, accessory weight, and normal occupant weight and dividing by two.

Weather side – The surface area of the rim not covered by the inflated tire.

Wheel center member – In the case of a non-pneumatic tire assembly incorporating a wheel, a mechanical device which attaches, either integrally or separably, to the non-pneumatic rim and provides the connection between the non-pneumatic rim and the vehicle; or, in the case of a non-pneumatic tire assembly not incorporating a wheel, a mechanical device which attaches, either integrally or separably, to the non-pneumatic tire and provides the connection between tire and the vehicle.

Wheel-holding fixture – The fixture used to hold the wheel and tire assembly securely during testing.

You may obtain the original copy of The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) brochure from

Exterior Aluminum Skin that looks wavy in the sun light

If you have a trailer, it doesn’t have to be aluminum, it can be steel framed with the aluminum skin on the outside , where the exterior looks terrible when sitting in the sunlight. The aluminum skin looks extremely wavy and is caused by the expansion of the metal due to the heating and absorbing of heat.  One way to get rid of this look it to order your trailer in white aluminum exterior skin. The white reflects the heat and doesn’t wave as bad. The darker colors absorb the heat and expand. If you upgrade from the standard .030 aluminum skin to a heavier .040 or even .050 this will greatly reduce the ripple effect on the outside of your trailer. When you choose the epoxy or screw less exterior over the screwed exterior this too helps in reducing the ripple effect.  When you have a screwed side, there is pressure at every screw point and then a gap until you come to the next screw. This gap allows for expansion, but when you have a seam that is 100% glued down. This eliminates the gap and therefore less expansion ripples.  Notice when the sun goes down, your ripples go away.

Oxidation of Aluminum

We only use virgin aluminum alloys in our trailers. People sometimes get discouraged when they buying a new trailer and after a while, that trailer looses its new luster finish.  A lot of people will buy aluminum polishing products and with a lot of elbow grease can bring back that new looking shine. That polished trailer however will only stay polished for a short period and once again the oxidation takes over and we are back to the dull looking trailer.

Why doesn’t it stay polished? Oxidation is a natural process where the raw aluminum creates a coating called oxidation to help protect its self from the elements.  Just as a human can cut themselves and the healing process covers the wound with a scab and new skin is formed to replace the damaged skin. Aluminum will do the same thing. If you scratch the aluminum, it will oxidize over that scratch to protect itself from the elements.

Oxidation thus provides a protective coating to the virgin aluminum and also adds strength to the frame.

Oxidation is not rotting your trailer. Its helping it.

Oxidation is good for your trailer.


Triple Axle Trailers

Be careful when ordering and using a trailer that has triple axles and are torsion axles.  A law suit was just settles in GA. where a manufacturer of a certain triple axle trailer with torsion axles was liable for damages to a trailer that had hit a curb and sustained an axle failure. Torsion axles are independent suspension axles. If only one of those axle were to be curbed, all the weight of that trailer will be on that one axle and cause damage. I know manufacturers have built triple axle trailers for years with torsion axles, but that doesn’t make it right. All triple axle trailers should have equalizing spring axles to avoid this potential problem.

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